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Field Spaniel


General Information - Field Spaniel


Group:
Gundog

Size:
medium

Lifespan:
12-14 years

Exercise:
high

Grooming:
medium

Trainability:
high

Watchdog ability:
high

Protection ability:
low

Area of Origin:
England

Date of Origin:
1800s

Other Names:
none

Original Function:
bird flushing and retrieving



History

The Field Spaniel was developed in England, during the 1800s, to retrieve birds. The spaniels in general take their name from Hispania, the original name for Spain which was their country of origin. They were found in Europe and Britain as early as the 1300s. They were originally bred to flush woodcock. The heavier spaniels, over 12kg became known as the Field Spaniels, while the lighter ones became known as the Cockers. After the Field Spaniel was separated from the Cocker in 1892, cross-breeding with the Sussex Spaniel led to a temporary deterioration in type and soundness, and by the end of WW2, it was nearly extinct. Dedicated breeders since then have brought it back to its proper state. It is a substantial spaniel which represents the best in spaniels as working dogs.

Temperament

The Field Spaniel has one of the best personalities of the Spaniels. It is very independent in nature, but mild mannered, sweet and affectionate. It makes an excellent family member as long as it is given regular exercise. They are good with other dogs, animals and excellent with children, but if play becomes too rough, the dog will become withdrawn. They can be a bit stubborn and temperamental, but they are, overall, very calm dogs.

Upkeep

The Field Spaniel needs daily exercise, and even though it is happiest when given the chance to run and explore, its needs can be met with a long walk on leash. It can live outside in temperate climates if given warm shelter, but it does best when allowed to divide its time between house and yard. It thrives on human companionship and should not be deprived of its family. Its coat needs brushing and combing once or twice weekly. Straggling hairs should be cut every few months, and some clipping and thinning is needed for show dogs. The ears should be checked and cleaned regularly. Some can be somewhat sloppy, and some snore.