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Newfoundland


General Information - Newfoundland


Group:
Utility

Size:
extra large

Lifespan:
8-10 years

Exercise:
low

Grooming:
medium

Trainability:
medium

Watchdog ability:
medium

Protection ability:
high

Area of Origin:
Canada

Date of Origin:
1700s Other

Names:
none Original

Function:
All-purpose water dog and fishing aid, draft



History

The early history concerning the origin of the Newfoundland is uncertain, although many claim the original dogs of this island in the Atlantic were Tibetan Mastiffs. In 1001 AD, when the Viking Leif Ericsson arrived in Newfoundland, he brought with him the Viking "bear dog." These dogs mated with the native dogs of the island and the resulting cross developed in relative isolation for the next 500 years. When European fishermen arrived in the 1600's with other dogs, some more outcrosses occurred but the breed remained relatively true to its roots. The fishermen of the island had dogs that were strong working companions: they were able swimmers even in the stormiest and coldest of waters, and many sea-rescues have been attributed to this noble breed. Today the Newf makes an excellent addition to any family with room for this large breed. He enjoys regular exercise.

Temperament

The angelic and heroic nature of the breed is one of its most appreciated qualities. Newfs are intelligent, loyal, and devoted. They are a patient and generous dog who is devoted to its family. The Newfoundland has an exceptionally gentle and docile nature.

Upkeep

This easygoing dog needs daily exercise to stay fit, either in the form of a moderate walk or short romp. It loves to swim and pull, especially in cold weather. Some breeders contend that Landseers (black and white) tend to be more active and need more exercise than solids colour coats. It does not do well in hot weather and should be kept outside only in temperate to cold weather. It is best when allowed access to both house and yard, but it needs lots of room inside to stretch out. Its coat needs combing twice weekly - more frequently when shedding. Newfs do drool and also tend to be messy drinkers.