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Pomeranian


General Information - Pomeranian


Group:
Toy

Size:
Small

Lifespan:
12-16 years

Exercise:
Very little

Grooming:
Moderate

Trainability:
Very hard

Watchdog Ability:
Very high

Protection Ability:
Very low

Area of Origin:
Germany

Date of Origin:
1800s

Other Names:
None

Original Function:
Companion



History

The smallest member of the Spitz family, the Pomeranian boasts tough sledding dog ancestors. Developed in the Prussian region of Pomerania, the Pomeranian was originally descended from the ancient Spitz breeds of the far north which were brought to Europe and employed to herd sheep. Only when the breed was taken to England was it dubbed the Pomeranian, but these early dogs were not the 'Poms' known today. They weighed as much as 30 pounds and were often white. In fact, the Japanese Spitz closely resembles these early Pomeranians and very likely descends from them. Marie Antoinette, Emily Zola and Mozart all owned Pomeranians. In the late 1800s Queen Victoria became a Pomeranian fancier, and established her own kennel for their breeding. She showed her dogs, with some success, making the breed very popular in England. Because Queen Victoria preferred smaller dogs, many breeders began selecting for smaller size. Now the Pomeranian has been bred down from its original size to customary 4-5 pounds. The Pomeranian's intelligence and talent for showmanship has also made it a superior circus performer. This miniature sled dog always attracts admirers and is a very popular pet and show dog.

Temperament

The Pomeranian is a curious, lively and playful dog breed. This dog makes a good companion and enjoys extra attention. The Pomeranian makes a good watch dog and may bark at the approach of strangers and unknown pets.

Upkeep

The Pomeranian is active but diminutive, needing daily exercise but able to meet its needs with indoor games or short walks. Although it has a warm coat, it is too small and too family-oriented to live as an outdoor dog. Its double coat needs brushing twice weekly, more when shedding.