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Rottweiler


General Information - Rottweiler


Group:
Utility

Size:
large

Lifespan:
10-12 years

Exercise:
medium

Grooming:
very low

Trainability:
medium

Watchdog ability:
very high

Protection ability:
very high

Area of Origin:
Germany

Date of Origin:
ancient times

Other Names:
none

Original Function:
Cattle drover, guardian, draft



History

The Rottweiler descends from a line of powerful dogs that drove and guarded the cattle of the Roman Army as it traversed Europe. In Rottweil, Germany, this mastiff-type dog was crossed with local herding dogs and was bred specifically as the "butcher's dog of Rottweil." The dog would accompany and guard the butcher on the way to cattle sales, carrying his money en route; he would then drive the purchased beef-on-the-hoof home. An effort was made to conserve the breed when mechanised transport replaced the job of the courageous Rottweiler. This breed requires plenty of room and exercise. He is often nicknamed the "Rottie".

Temperament

The Rottweiler is a very territorial, imposing dog breed and is ideal for protection. Headstrong and stubborn, this dog breed requires a strong leader and firm training.

Upkeep

The Rottweiler needs daily physical and mental activity, either in the form of long walks or jogs, or a vigorous game in a safe area, as well as obedience lessons. It enjoys cold weather and may become overheated in hot weather. It can live outdoors in temperate to cool climates, as long as plenty of shelter is available. It needs to spend significant time inside with its human family, however, so that proper bonding can occur. Coat care is minimal, consisting only of occasional brushing to remove dead hair.