Menu

Breeds » DALMATIAN

Membership ID
Password

Dalmatian


General Information - Dalmatian


Group:
Non sporting

Size:
medium

Lifespan:
12-14 years

Exercise:
high

Grooming:
low

Trainability:
medium

Watchdog ability:
medium

Protection ability:
medium

Area of Origin:
Croatia

Date of Origin:
ancient times

Other Names:
none

Original Function:
carriage dog



History

Although the most popular theory places the Dalmatian's beginnings in his namesake country, Dalmatia (part of Croatia), his actual origins are unknown. His history is a mysterious one, documented by pictures and paintings of spotted dogs strikingly similar to today's Dalmatian. There are pictures of spotted dogs following Pharaoh's chariots on the royal tombs of Egypt so it is possible the Dalmatian's heritage is more ancient than originally thought. No matter where his actual beginnings, he truly evolved into the dog he is today when he was adopted by the British. A spotted dog, popular in India, was introduced into Great Britain by the English aristocracy after their colonization of that country. His inborn love of horses, coupled with his handsome good looks, made him the first and only "Coach Dog". His function, however, was not simply ornamental. He also served as a guard dog for the coaches, protecting travelers' belongings at the frequent stops along the route.

Temperament

The Dalmatian is a lively, active dog with plenty of stamina. It is a sensitive and loyal dog breed which bonds very closely with its owner. Friendly and playful, it can also be prone to behaviour problems if not provided with enough exercise and mental stimulation. It adapts easily to new places and responds well to all types of training.

Upkeep

The Dalmatian needs a lot of regular exercise and attention. It needs more than a short walk on leash; it makes a good jogging companion. It can also have its needs met with vigorous games and runs. Although the Dal can live outside in temperate or warm climates, it needs shelter, soft bedding and, most of all, companionship. Thus, it is best allowed to live in the house and play in the yard. The coat needs only minimal care, but more frequent brushing will help remove dead hair.